National Library of Indonesia
Nagarakretagama (Nāgarakṛtâgama) or also referred to as Kakawin Desawarnana is an old Javanese Kakawin work of the most well known Empu Prapanca. The Kakawin, written in 1365, was first re-discovered in 1894 by J.L.A. Brandes, a Dutch scientist who took part in the expedition of KNIL in Lombok. He managed to save the contents of the library of the king of Lombok in Cakranagara before the palace of the king was burned down by the KNIL army. Nagarakretagama provides a detailed record of the fourteenth century royal government (XIV) in Indonesia, in which the principles of social justice, religious freedom, personal security and welfare of the people were upheld. The manuscript also provides evidence of a ruler’s democratic attitude and openness towards his people, in a time when an autocratic system of absolute monarchy was still widely adopted.