National Library of Indonesia
Babad Diponegoro (The Chronicles of Diponegoro) is a biography written by a nobleman of Java, an Indonesian national hero and Pan-Islamist, Prince Diponegoro (1785 – 1855), from Yogyakarta. Babad Dipanegara was written during his exile to North Sulawesi in 1831 – 1832. The manuscript is an autobiography and is included as a pioneer in modern Javanese literature. Prince Diponegoro, in this manuscript shows a deep sensitivity to the very poor conditions of the local people at that time. The text consists of 4 parts, beginning in the Majapahit Kingdom era and ending in the Mataram kingdom era, during the reign of Penembahan Senopati, followed by a time of conflicts between Surakarta and Yogyakarta. Viewed from a personal perspective, Prince Diponegoro described in detail the story of how the Java war raged: Diponegoro’s fight against Dutch colonial forces which ended in a deception when a meeting was arranged to be held between Prince Dipanegara and Lieutenant General Hendrik Merkus de Kock in Magelang. During the meeting Dipanegara was arrested and exiled to Manado, northern Sulawesi. .